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幼儿园英语音标教学PPT

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  • 关键提要:幼儿园英语音标教学PPT,英语
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这是幼儿园英语音标教学PPT下载,主要包含了音素和国际音标,元音和辅音的定义,国际音标,元音,单元音,双元音,辅音,爆破音,磨檫音,鼻音,舌边音,半元音等,欢迎点击下载。

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幼儿园英语音标教学PPT

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Holly Joe
元音和辅音的定义:
发音时声带振动,呼出的气流通过口腔时不受阻碍,这样形成的语音称为元音。
不论声带振动与否,发音时呼出的气流通过口腔或鼻腔时受到一定的阻碍,这样形成的语音称为辅音。
发音时声带不振动的辅音称为清辅音。
发音声带振动的辅音称为浊辅音。
国际音标
 {
Vowels(元音)          -pure vowels(单元音)
/i:/
例词:
       he             sea             tree             field
短语:
                  green leaves          deep sea     
                clean street       eat the meat
例句:
          A: Would you like coffee or tea?
          B: Tea, please.
          A: OK. I have tea, too.
/ɪ/- /i/
例词:
         pin         ship         hill         chicks
短语:
            a big ship            fifty pictures
            Miss Smith      interesting films
例句:
           A: Is Lily in?
           B: Lily is ill in bed.
           C: Oh, I’m sorry.
/e/-/ε/
例词:
             pen       head       leg       well
短语:
              ten pence           very well
    expensive cigarettes      went to America
例句:
    A: How did you spend your holiday?
    B: I went to Beijing.
    A: Was it expensive?
    B: Yes ,very.
/æ/
例词:
     apple     lantern     hand     parachute
短语:
             black cat         mad man
       traveling bag         matter-of –fact
例句:
        A: Ann is traveling to Japan.
        B: How happy she is !
        A: She is very happy.
Vowels(元音)    -pure vowels(单元音)
/ɜ:/- /ǝ:/
例词:
           girl      bird      work       turn
短语:
             early bird         superb work
       thirsty person         perfect search
例句:
   A: He always arrives work early.
   B: But he wasn’t early this morning.
   A: You weren’t early either.
/ǝ/
例词:
    teacher   picture   breakfast   welcome
短语:
       a glass of water     a quarter to seven
  brothers and sisters    a book about China
例句:
      A: look at the clock!
      B: what’s the time?
      A: it’s a quarter to seven
/ʌ/
例词:
          cup      run       jump       flood
短语:
             hurry up!         trust us!
      rubbish dump         mustn’t worry
例句:
         A: It’s sunny today.
         B: Yes, isn’t it.
         A: My uncle will go to London next
              Monday.
         B: How lucky he is!
/u:/
例词:
           zoo     who     food      blue
短语:
      a tooth for a tooth     Sue and Lucy
              fruit juice     two shoes
例句:
    A: Look at my new shoes?
    B: Oh, they are beautiful.
    A: Your boots are beautiful, too.
/ʊ/-/v/
例词:
         foot     wood     book     push
短语:
             good cook        good book
     couldn’t look    pudding without sugar
例句:
      A: Where did you put the book?
      B: Which book?
      A: The book you bought yesterday.
/ɔ:/
例词:
         fork     ball     morning     airport
短语:
             four balls        score board
      morning glory       sports reporter
例句:
   A: I see two children on the blackboard.
   B: He is short.
   A: She is shorter.
/ɒ/- /ɔ/
例词:
       cock     shop     job     hospital
短语:
             hot coffee         long job
            on the box         drop the pot
例句:
      A: I have a bad cough.
      B: You must see a doctor.
      A: Yes, I must go to the hospital.
/ɑ:/
例词:
           car     garden     star     guitar
短语:
                  fast car        half mast
     heart transplant        stars and bars
例句:
      A: You look very smart today.
      B: Thank you.
      C: What a marvelous dancer you are.
           Let me take a photograph of you.
/eɪ/-/ei/
例词:
          face      rain      cake      wait
短语:
           eight cakes     waste paper
     railway station     wait for the mail
例句:
A: It’s my birthday today.
B: Happy birthday
A: Thank you. Come to my birthday party.
     And don’t be late.
/aɪ/-/ai/
例词:
         sky       kite       write       bicycle
短语:
                white lie      high tide
             eye for eye     silent night
例句:
A: It’s a fine day today. The sun is shining
     brightly.
B: Yes, I feel hot. I like an ice-cream now.
A: Yes, I do, too.
/ɔɪ/-/ɔi/
例词:
          boy      boil      noise      coin
短语:
             a spoilt boy      a noisy toy
   an annoying voice     Joyce's boyfriend
例句:
  A: Look at my toy gun.
  B: Oh, what a good toy!
  A: Shall we join our friends in the garden?
  B: Yes, let’s go.
/ǝʊ/-/ǝv/
例词:
   coast  throw  boat  toe
短语:
    Joe’s coat      go to the window
 load and unload  throw a snowball
例句:
       A: Look! He has a boat.
       B: Is he going to row?
       A: I think so.
/aʊ/-/av/
例词:
       cow    house    mouth      trousers
短语:
            shout out        brown mouse
         down town        round lounge
例句:
    A: Is she milking the cow?
    B: Yes, she is.
    A: Is the cow in he house?
    B: No. She is on the dairy farm.
/ɪǝ/-/iǝ/
例词:
             ear     queer      zero     beard
短语:
      the atmosphere here     queer skier
weary mountaineer    experienced engineer
例句:
    A: Let’s have some beer here.
    B: What a good idea!
    A: What shall we do after having beer?
    B: We shall go to the theatre.
/eǝ/-/εǝ/
例词:
     hair     bare     pear     chair
短语:
millionaire’s heir     mayor’s parents
square chairs     careful librarian
例句:
A: Where is my pen?
B: It’s over there on the chair.
A: Thank you. It’s really there.
/ʊǝ/-/vǝ/
例词:
          tour     poor    jury     gourd
短语:
       poor tourists       tour from China
        furious jury       European gourd
例句:
A: I received a letter from my uncle. He’s
     sick with influenza.
B: I’m sorry. Is he still in Europe.
A: Yes. He’s still working in London.
B: He must speak fluent English.
辅音
                     发音位置相同
清辅音:        发音时声带不震动
浊辅音 :       发音时声带震动
清辅音 /p/   /t/   /k/   /f/   /θ/
浊辅音/b/  /d/   /g/   /v/   /ð/
清辅音 /s/ / ∫ /  /t∫/   /ts/  /tr/
浊辅音/z/ / 3 / /d 3/ /dz/ /dr/
/p/
例词:
            pig      pot      pond      plan
短语:
              pick up         a pepper pot
  a piece of pork         a pen and a pencil
例句:
   A: Do you collect stamps?
   B: Yes, I do.
   A: Will you show me your stamp album?
   B: Yes, they are upstairs. Let me go and
        fetch them.
/b/
例词:
           bus    bed     bench     brush
短语:
                    Big Ben    a big bottle
     beautiful blouses    blue butterflies
例句:
      A: Is this your handbag?
      B: No, it isn’t my handbag is not brown.
      A: What color is you handbag?
      B: It’s black.
/t/
例词:
            tie     taxi     tap     telephone
短语:
            tit for tat        tip of the tongue
             flat foot        tale-teller
例句:
A: I’m hungry. I want something to eat.
B: What about some steak? Let’s go to the
     restaurant!
A: Yes, let’s go.
/d/
例词:
          door     doctor     head     wind
短语:
            darling daughter         dark red
    played cards        listened to the radio
例句:
A: What did you do last night?
B: I studied last night.
A: Did you study all night?
B: No, I didn’t. I listened to the radio for
     some time.
/k/
例词:
            car      duck     clock      park
短语:
  the back of the car        ask question
        a quarter to six        cool as cucumber
例句:
A: I like chocolate cakes.
B: You do? Do you often have chocolate cakes?
A: Yes, I do.
B: If you want to keep fit, don’t eat too many
     chocolate cakes.
/g/
例词:
             bag     dog     goat     grape
短语:
        good girl         go to the grocer’s
        as good as gold         get angry
例句:
A: Can you play the guitar?
B: Yes, I played my guitar in the garden and
     song again and again with my friends last
     night.
A: You must have had a good time last night.
/f/
例词:
            laugh     fat     fish     family
短语:
           fresh fruit          fast food
             soft sofa          feel fine
例句:
  A: Look at Freda! She is fashionable.
  B: Her hat is funny.
  A: Look at her fur coat. It’s fabulous.
/v/
例词:
     vet     village     volcano     television
短语:
            lovely view      village vet
    leaving arriving      leaves of the vine
例句:
     A: Who’s driving the van?
     B: I think victor is.
     A: Who is victor?
     B: He is my new neighbor, he has lived
          here for only a few months.
/θ/
例词:
         tooth    month    thin    thirsty
短语:
    three thousand      Martha's birthday
     healthy author     thirty mathematicians
例句:
 A: My father is a mathematician.
 B: No wonder you are good at mathematics.
 A: To tell you the truth, my father never
       teaches me math.
/ð/
例词:
      father     breathe     that      feather
短语:
      smooth leather      get together
  better than others      another brother
例句:
  A: Lily is taller than Mary.
  B: But Mary is slimmer than Lily.
  A: Look at them. They’re doing physical
       exercise together.
/s/
例词:
          sun     small      horse     bicycle
短语:
     sleep soundly     expensive cigarettes
        some books     sit in the sun
例句:
   A: These are cups.
   B: Those are saucers.
   A: They’re nice cups and saucers.
/z/
例词:zebra  【'zebrə]
          zoo     prize     bees     nose
短语:
      jazz music      close the windows
      these days       zero animal
例句:
   A: Let’s go to the zoo.
   B: Good. I like looking at the zebras.
   C: I like the monkeys there. Let’s go.
/ʃ/
例词:delicious  [di'liʃəs 】
 fish, sugar, shoe, shop, sure,show,Asia
短语:
   fashion shops    friendship association
    British shoes    washing machine
例句:
    A: This shop sells washing-machines.
    B: Do they sell air-conditioners, too.
    A: Sure.
/ʒ/
例词:television ['teli,viʒən]
  garage  treasure  pleasure   measure  
短语:
 an unusual  collision      measure a garage
         a great decision      my pleasure
例句:
 A: Lily likes clothes for casual wear.
 B: Clothes for casual wear are comfortable,
 A: I like to wear them in my leisure time.
读单词
massage  [məˈsɑʒ]
usually   [ˈjuːʒuəli]
vision    [ˈvɪʒən]
illusion [ɪˈluʒən]
/ʧ/
例词:picture  [ˈpɪktʃər]    kitchen [ˈkɪtʃ(ə)n]
 cheek, chicken,nature,church, catch,watch
短语:
        Chinese chess      which butcher
       chicken and chips      change much
例句:
  A: Where are the two children?
  B: They’re having lunch.
  A: Here are some cherries for them.
  B: Thank you very much.
/ʤ/
例词:giraffe [dʒəˈræf]
          jeep    jug    orange    bridge
短语:
   a large jeep       injured passengers
   adjust the engine      orange juice
例句:
   A: I have an orange.
   B: Oh, your orange is large. Look! I’ve
        got a large sandwich.
   A: Yes, it is a very large one.
/ts/
students   coats   cats   boats
名词复数的读音规则
                                                                                                                       
名词复数读音练习
friend      friends       浊辅音后读作/z/    
cat          cats            清辅音后读作/s/
sport       sports         清辅音后读作/s/
fox           foxes          以s.x.ch.sh结尾读作/iz/
flash        flashes       以s.x.ch.sh结尾读作/iz/
candy      candies      以辅音+y结尾-ies读作/iz/
photo       photos       元音后读作/z/
knife        knives        浊辅音后读作/z/
辅音
清辅音                                  /h/
浊辅音/m//n//η//l//r//w//j/
       └      鼻音       ┘               └ 半元音┘
/h/
 例词:hat  [hæt]
    hand,handbag,hair,whole  
 短语:
      heart and hand       high heels
         head-to-head       happy honeymoon
 例句:
  A: There was a car accident here last Sunday.
  B: Oh, it’s horrible!
  A: Were you here when the accident happened?
  B: No, I only heard about it.
读单词
helmet  ['helmit]
who  [hu:]
hunter   [ˈhʌntə]
behind  [bɪˈhʌɪnd]
house  [haʊs]
/r/
例词:rabbit [ˈræbət]
  run,river,parrot,strawberry,write   
短语:
     American waitress      a married secretary
      grown up children      French restaurant
例句:
   A: Rose works as a secretary at the railway
        station.
   B: She does? She is a very pretty girl.
   A: Yes, very.
读单词
ride   [raid]
red   [red]
rat    [ræt]
run   [rʌn]
/m/
例词:milk [milk]
meet,summer,swimmer,comb,climb,autumn
短语:
     man-made       make a mistake
     come tomorrow      middle name
例句:
A: Mum has come back home.
B: Marvelous.
A: Mom says we’ll go and see a movie tonight.
B: Yes, we certainly will.
读单词
murmur ['mə:mə]
scream   [skri:m]
ice cream [ais  kri:m]
/n/
例词:neck [nek]  
number,funny,dinner,knife,knee,know
短语:
    neat brandy    a negative answer
   telephone number    harden the neck
例词:
A: What a nice postcard of the Grand Canyon!
B: They are wonderful.
A: Who sent it to you?
B: A friend of mine.
never  ['nevə]
new  [nju:]
neighbour  ['neibə]
/ŋ/
例词:drink [driŋk]
monkey,pink,bank,king,song,       thing,spring
短语:
     ring-ding   rising diphthong
strong string   playing ping-pang
例句:
A: Do you like drinking tea?
B: Yes, I do.
A: We are advised to drink more tea than coffee.
B: Tea is good for health.
读单词
bring  [briŋ]
spring  [spriŋ]
charming  ['tʃa:miŋ]
thank [θæŋk]
thing [θiŋ]
/l/
例词:lock  [lɔk]
black,lion,lamb,sleep,lawyer,bell,ballon
短语 early for lunch     leg of lamb
 a glass of lemonade    yellow jelly
例句:
   A: Mum, is lunch ready? I’m hungry.
   B: OK, lunch is ready.
   A: What’s for lunch, Mum?
   B: We’ll have lamb and potato salad.
读单词
sale  [seil]
balloon  [bə'lu:n]
lady   [ˈleɪdi]
love   [lʌv]
/j/
例词:year 【jiə]
 yellow, yesterday,yard,young,yoghurt,yell      yolk   
短语:
       yolk yellow     new year’s day
   new York university     a tough onion
例句:
A: My brother was a music student.
B: What does he do now?
A: He is now in Europe working as a
     business man.
读单词
YO-YO ['jəu jəu]
Yolk [jəuk]
lawyer 【‘lɔ:jə】
/w/
例词:wash  [wɔʃ]
week,water, swim,worker,wheel,wheat,white    
短语:
          weight watcher     weave a web
          weeping willow     wet wind
例句:
   A: Don’t look out of the window.
   B: Oh, I’m sorry, I’m thinking of my dog.
        Today is a wet day.
   A: Do you think your dog will be lost in the
        woods on a wet day?
读单词
sweat [swet]
win    [win]
window  [ˈwɪndəʊ]
Holly Joe

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